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Wound Care

Unfortunately, horse wounds are quite common. So it's important to know what to do if your horse injures itself, and ensure that any actions you take help to heal the wound and don't inadvertently cause further damage.

The healing process starts right after the injury occurs and consists of several overlapping stages. These include blood clotting and scab formation and inflammation. Then the repair process begins, with growth of new tissue and scar formation.

Anything that disrupts the healing process – such as the presence of foreign material in the wound, infection or excessive movement of the injured area – may result in the wound "breaking down." Healing can still occur, but scarring may be more pronounced.

Read on for more information about basic wound care including:

  • What you should do
  • What you should not do
  • Bandaging
  • Nursing care and follow-up

As useful as these guidelines are, we always recommend that when in doubt, you should contact your local Veterinarian for professional advice.

You can also find more information about first aid for your horse by clicking here.


Current Therapy in Equine Medicine 6: Robinson NE, Sprayberry KA, editors; Saunders Elsevier St. Louis, MO; 2009.

Equine Internal Medicine:  Reed SM, Bayly WM, Sellon DC, editors; Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO;  2010.

The Merck Veterinary Manual:  Kahn CM, Line S, editors; Merck & Co, Inc., Whitehouse Station, NJ; 2005.