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Good quality forage – plus access to clean quality water – are the basic requirements for a horse. However, forages tend to be deficient in vitamins and other nutrients, particularly in the balance of calcium and phosphorus. For a mature horse which obtains its food from foraging only, a multivitamin and mineral supplement should be sufficient. However, horses with increased nutritional requirements will require a properly balanced ration containing grain, protein and vitamins/minerals. There are many commercially available horse supplements, so it's best to ask your vet – or a respected equine retailer – for advice on designing an appropriate ration for your horse, depending on their needs.